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Tisha B'Av 5780

Erev Tisha B'Av
Wednesday, July 29 (Av 8)

6:35pm - Mincha/Maariv

For those reciting Maariv early, a verbal declaration should be made
that you are not starting the fast with Maariv.

Click Here to Register for Evening Minyan

8:20pm - Fast begins
9pm - Zoom Tisha B'Av Reading of Megillat Eichah and Kinot (get text here)
Meeting ID: 849 0801 3433
Dim lights and use a flashlight or candle to follow.

Tisha B'Av
Thursday, July 30 (Av 9)

Beginning at 9:45am - Joint programming with Dor Tikvah, BSBI,
and Yeshiva University.

1:27pm - Chatzot (Midday)
9:20pm - Fast ends

Click Here for Full Tisha B'Av Schedule


RESTRICTIONS AND LIMITATIONS OF TISHA B'AV

     a) No eating and drinking. This includes rinsing the mouth & brushing teeth. Swallowing pills is permitted if needed. There are many cases of ill or elderly people as well as pregnant and nursing women who may not be required to fast on Tisha B’Av. Please consult your doctors and Rabbi Davies for guidance about whether or not you should fast. Boys up to twelve years old and girls up to eleven are not required to fast the entire day. There are various opinions as to whether they should fast part of the day. Those not required to fast should eat only what is needed to preserve their health. 
     b) No bathing or washing. After using the restroom one should wash one's hands until the knuckles (if one's hands are soiled, they should of course be washed). Upon rising in the morning, one should wash (Netilas Yadayim) only until the knuckles. If you are concerned that you have touched a potentially COVID contaminated surface or any surface in a public area and need to use sanitizer or wash your hands with soap that would be permissible. Washing for cooking or for medical reasons is permitted. 
     c) No anointing of lotions, colognes & perfumes. This includes cosmetics and make-up, but does not include deodorant or anointing for medical reasons.
     d) No leather footwear should be worn, even of partial leather. Leather footwear would be allowed for medical reasons.
     e) No marital relations. One should also deprive him/herself of some comfort in sleep. Some reduce the number of pillows, some sleep on the floor. Pregnant women, the elderly and the ill are exempt. 
     f) Traditional Torah study is suspended as it brings "gladness to the heart." Certain Torah topics that reflect the spirit of the day may be studied. 
     g) We refrain from sitting on a normal chair until midday (1:26pm). Instead, one may sit on a low bench or chair, or on a cushion on the floor. 
     h) We do not greet each other – even with the customary "Good Morning." If someone initiates a greeting the response should be soft and somber. It is suggested to explain the reason for the reticence as not to provoke ill-will.
     i) One should not give a gift except to tzedakah/charity.

Because the Beit Hamikdash/Temple continued to burn through the Tenth of Av, some restrictions of the ‘Nine Days’ usually remain in place until midday of the day following Tisha B’Av, which this year is 1:26pm on Friday.  However, since this year the Tenth of Av coincides with Erev Shabbat many of these restrictions are lifted early.  This year one can begin to launder clothes immediately after the fast is over (especially those needed for Shabbat or those needed in order to create a Shabbat that feels clean in the home).  Bathing and haircutting are permitted as of Friday morning (unless one will not have time on Friday in which case they could do so even at night after the fast is over).  Listening to music is only permitted after midday on Friday.

Click Here for More Information on Tisha B'Av from Rabbi Davies

ASPECTS OF MOURNING DURING THE NINE DAYS
   
The period commencing with Rosh Chodesh until the 9th of Av is called the ‘Nine Days.’ During this time, a stricter level of mourning is observed than that of the Three Week period of Bein HaMetzarim, in accordance with the Talmudic dictum: "When the month of Av begins, we reduce our joy." (BT Taanit 26)

1. It is customary to refrain from consuming meat (including poultry) or wine. These foods are symbolic of the Temple service, and eating them is generally considered an expression of celebration and joy.
● On Shabbat, meat and wine are permitted.
● This exception also applies to any other seudat mitzvah 
– for example, at a Brit Milah, Simchat Bat, or completion of a tractate of Talmud.

2. It is customary to limit bathing to the purpose of daily hygiene. Therefore, one could continue to bathe but in a manner that is somewhat less enjoyable.
● Those taking swim lessons or who swim for medical reasons may continue to do so.

3. It is customary to wait on purchasing any items that bring great joy.
● However, one may buy things if they will be difficult to find after the 9th of Av, or even if they will be more expensive later, but if possible should wait to use/wear them until after this period.
● Purchases necessary for one's livelihood are permitted.

4. It is customary to postpone beginning home improvements, or the planting of trees and flowers, until after the 9th of Av, as it would seem inconsistent to focus upon our home decor as we mourn the destruction of G-d’s house.

5. If one has the option, it is preferable to refrain from wearing newly laundered exterior garments (except on Shabbat).
● If the "freshness" has been taken out of a garment prior to the Nine Days (by wearing it for even a few moments), it may be worn.
— Some suggest, before the Nine Days start, to put on for a few moments any exterior garments you wish to wear in the coming days.
● EXCEPTION: The clothing of small children, which gets soiled frequently, may be laundered & worn during the Nine Days.

The aspects of mourning of the Three Weeks remain in effect as well.
ASPECTS OF MOURNING DURING THE THREE WEEKS

1. Refrain from getting married.
– One may get engaged, but not hold an engagement party.
2. Avoid public celebrations, especially involving singing, dancing and musical accompaniment.
3. Abstain from listening to live music.
– If you make your living as a musician or teacher,
or are a student practicing, but not performing, this does not apply.
– If music is used to assist in dealing with depression, this does not apply.
4. Refrain from actions that would require the recital of the blessing Shehechiyanu, i.e. on new food or clothes, except on Shabbat.
5. Hold off on getting haircuts or shaving.
– One who would suffer business or financial loss by not shaving, may continue to do so.

May this be the final year in which we must observe these practices of mourning.

Thu, August 13 2020 23 Av 5780